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Development: Audio Control Port

Overview

On systems with FM hardware, port $f2 allows detection, and enabling, of the YM2413 FM chip. On some systems, it also allows disabling the SN76489 PSG chip.

Systems with FM hardware include:

Bits

Bit76543210
Read or write when FM hardware not presentUndefined
ReadCounter (see below)Always 0Last value written, 0 by default
WriteNo effectSN76489 mute controlYM2413 mute control

Mute control

The SN76489 control only works on a Japanese Master System. On the Mark III with FM unit, it has no effect: it seems that the FM unit disables PSG output when FM is enabled (but more experimentation is needed).

The ability to read back the values written allows detection of the FM chip: see FM Chip Detection for example code.

Homebrew YM2413 add-ons for original hardware may not support the SN76489 enable bit.

Counter

In this forum post, Charles MacDonald said:

Bits 7-5 of port $F2 return the high bits of a counter that is clocked by the C-Sync input into the 315-5297. The counter is 12 bits wide and counts up on each C-Sync pulse. The bits return are as follows:

D7 : Counter bit 11 
D6 : Counter bit 7 
D5 : Counter bit 3 

References


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Page last modified on Fri Dec 13, 2019 9:33 am